Programme on Lie Groups 2001

L-functions for GLn

Professor James W. Cogdell
Oklahoma State University, USA

The theory of L-functions of automorphic forms (or modular forms) via integral representations has its origin in the paper of Riemann on the z -function. However the theory was really developed in the classical context of L-functions of modular forms for congruence subgroups of SL2(Z) by Hecke and his school. Much of our current theory is a direct outgrowth of Hecke's. L-functions of automorphic representations were first developed by Jacquet and Langlands for GL2. Their approach followed Hecke combined with the local-global techniques of Tate's thesis. The theory for GLn was then developed along the same lines in a long series of papers by various combinations of Jacquet, Piatetski-Shapiro, and Shalika. In addition to associating an L-function to an automorphic form, Hecke also gave a criterion for a Dirichlet series to come from a modular form, the so called Converse Theorem of Hecke. In the context of automorphic representations, the Converse Theorem for GL2 was developed by Jacquet and Langlands, extended and significantly strengthened to GL3 by Jacquet, Piatetski-Shapiro, and Shalika, and then extended to GLn.

In these lectures we hope to present a synopsis of this work and in doing so present the paradigm for the analysis of general automorphic L-functions via integral representations. We will begin with the classical theory of Hecke and then a description of its translation into automorphic representations of GL2 by Jacquet and Langlands. We will then turn to the theory of automorphic representations of GLn, particularly cuspidal representations. We will first develop the Fourier expansion of a cusp form and present results on Whittaker models since these are essential for defining Eulerian integrals. We will then develop integral representations for L-functions for GLn ´GLm which have nice analytic properties (meromorphic continuation, finite order of growth, functional equations) and have Eulerian factorization into products of local integrals. We next turn to the local theory of L-functions for GLn, in both the archimedean and non-archimedean local contexts, which comes out of the Euler factors of the global integrals. We finally combine the global Eulerian integrals with the definition and analysis of the local L-functions to define the global L-function of an automorphic representation and derive their major analytic properties. We will then turn to the various Converse Theorems for GLn. We will end with a description of the applications of these Converse Theorems to new cases of Langlands liftings.

Dates :
A series of 11 lectures on Wednesdays and Fridays, 
May 23 - June 22 plus Tuesday, June 26
Time :
2:00 - 3:30pm
Place :
Room 517, Meng Wah Complex